First, it is important to understand what biogas is. Organic matter starts the decomposition process when it is exposed to sunlight and oxygen. However, there are times when it can decompose without oxygen. This is a process known as anaerobic fermentation.
It occurs because there are a bacteria present in organic matter that acts during an absence of oxygen. Landfills experience such decay as the waste materials get wet and receive minimal sunlight. The result of this decay is biogas. In fact, it is a great source of energy like no other. It is possible to generate power using a biogas generator. Now, what are the top benefits of biogas energy?
Top benefits of biogas energy
Renewable energy source
Biogas is classified as a renewable energy source. This is because it is produced from the materials that form waste products and sewage. It will only become depleted when we no longer produce any waste.
This energy is considered non-polluting, safe, and natural. For instance, its production does not need oxygen. This means that you can conserve resources without using any additional fuel.
To produce it, you need to use waste materials that are found in landfills, farms and dump sites across the country. Thus, we decrease both water and soil pollution.
Nowadays, the applications of biogas continue to increase, and the utilization of this technology continues to improve. For example, it can be used to generate electricity and Compressed Natural Gas that can be used for cooking and fuel for vehicles. It is possible to carry out its production in a large plant or small plants.
In any way, several jobs are created by plants that manufacture biogas. For instance, there are manufacturers making digesters and generators. You should note that this type of energy can be decentralized. This makes it easy to access even for people living in rural areas or those facing frequent outages.
Little Capital Investment
The process of setting up biogas is quite easy and needs little capital investment as compared to other sources of energy. Most farms are now self-sufficient as they utilize biogas plants and water material they generate every day. It is said that a single cow can produce waste that is sufficient to power a light bulb the whole day.
Reduces greenhouse effects
This is possible by utilizing gases, which are produced by landfills. In fact, this is the major reason why this form of energy is being advocated by both government agencies and NGOs. Recycling most biodegradable waste is possible.